Shorter cartridge cases will allow some buildup of powder residue ahead of the case mouth. If this is kept scrupulouly clean you'll never see a problem. If not, you can expect sticky extraction of longer cases - or even complete failure to extract in extreme instances.
Frankly, shooting the shorter cartridges is something I very rarely ever bother with, but I do keep 22 shorts on hand should I ever desire to shoot 'em - and I do on the aforementioned "rare" occasion.
Again: Keep the gun clean and you won't have a problem
And no, I did not retire from the Department of Redundancy Department :roll:
I put a 22 short kit into my short rifle 10/22 and shoot nothing BUT shorts in it. Feeds and functions perfectly with the kit. (new bolt, replacement hammer spring and magazine all in the kit)
I just like shooting the little shorts. Not a matter of economy. At the time I bought the kit, shorts were on the shelves and 22 lr was nowhere to be found. Makes good companion to my Beretta 22 short Minx auto pistol and my NAA mini in 22 short...................
Just get a Henry Lever action 22... It will take shorts and long rifle.. Magazine fed and fun to shoot... I shoot 22short CB's through mine... Hence, don't want to mess up my 10/22 just to shoot shorts.
BTW the Remington 22 Short CB's are so quiet you can hear the bullet actually hit the target! No big bang..