Can't really say but I would think the 41 mag "power wise" would have much more, similar to a 44 mag. I remember have a S&W 4" barreled 41 mag. and it kicked plenty, even more so than the 7 1/2" barreled 44 mag. Ruger Super Blackhawk I had. LM
If you find a short barrelled 41 you will regret it if you don't buy it. But then, I am a 41 fanatic. It does more closely resemble the 44 mag in performance and recoil but a lot of it depends on the round you shoot out of it just like any other gun. Factory 210 grain bullets are not a problem to hang on to in my opinion. When you start stepping up to the 250-265 grain loads like those from Corbon or Buffalo Bore, you do have to pay a little more attention. No matter what, it isn't anything a normal adult can't handle by working up to those levels if you want to. You can also load it to very mild 41 Special specs and shoot it all day long.
The 41 Magnum is a GREAT round. Recoil. Depends. A 215 grain cast lead SWC over about 8.0 grains of unique is in near pussycat range at 950 fps, what used to be call the Police Load. A nice mid range load is a 215 grain cast lead SWC over IMR4227, for about 1100 fps is extremely accurate and hits hard. A 210 grain jacketed soft point over a hunting load, such as H110 at 1300 fps is close to 44 Magnum.
Blackhawks are heavy and tend to roll upward, mitigating recoil to a great extent. The 41 is easier to shoot in a single action than the 357 in a double action of similar size.
I mentioned a 215 grain cast SWC and IMR4227 powder as a mid range load at 1100 fps. A few months back a 12 year old boy fired several cyliner loads of that at the 12 inch diameter 100 yard gongs and hit nearly 50% of the time. The boy had never fired a handgun in his life. The boy only quit when my ammo box went empty.
Well, I now have a 41, an older 7.5" RH, and just love it. BUT.... that is no reason to get rid of my 357 Anniv flat-top, OR my 44 SBH Hunter. They're just all a tiny bit different IMHO. And that's a good enough reason to have all of them!
As mentioned, it's not as 'sharp' as the 357, and not as 'heavy' as the 44. As the story goes: 'not too hot and not too cool; JUST RIGHT'.
And I concur that I can handload it down below 357 loads, and right up to almost the max 44 mag loads. And my RH shoots almost every load I have put in it very well, to boot. (It didn't like 170 grain bullets at moderate velocities at all, but when cranked up to more speed, the groups came right back down.)
A factory-loaded 41 Mag cartridge produces MUCH MORE recoil force than does a factory loaded 45ACP cartridge. And then there's the additional noise, muzzel blast and flash to contend with....all of which are worse out of the shorter-barreled guns.
Some folks has a need for a big booming handgun. And then there's them that don't, but enjoy all that sort of stuff anyway.
If you don't fit into either of them two groups, my suggestion would be to stay away from the 41 Mag...unless you are a hand loader, and can make do with loading your own lower-powered cartridges.